Participatory mapping method was applied in a research project “Changing land use and forest management practices and multidimensional adaptation strategies in Zanzibar, Tanzania” focusing on landscape services in two rural villages in Zanzibar islands. A typology of 19 different material and non-material, cultural landscape service indicators were established based on literature and local context knowledge. In the village workshops, community representatives mapped the indicators individually on an aerial image. The landscape service indicators were then spatially analysed in order to establish an understanding of landscape level service structures, patterns and relationships. The services were also analysed in relation to land cover and land use changes. In addition, a landscape characterization integrating expert and local spatial knowledge of land and forest resources was developed.
Eilola, S., Käyhkö, N., Fagerholm, N., & Kombo, Y. H. (2014). Linking farmers’ knowledge, farming strategies, and consequent cultivation patterns into the identification of healthy agroecosystem characteristics at local scales. Agroecology and sustainable food systems, 38(9), 1047-1077. doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2014.923800
Käyhkö, N., Fagerholm, N., & J. Mzee, A. (2015). Local farmers’ place-based forest benefits and government interventions behind land and forest cover transitions in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Land Use Science, 10(2), 150-173. doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2014.921142
Fagerholm, N., Käyhkö, N., & Van Eetvelde, V. (2013). Landscape characterization integrating expert and local spatial knowledge of land and forest resources. Environmental management, 52(3), 660-682. doi.org/10.1007/s00267-013-0121-x
Fagerholm, N., Käyhkö, N., Ndumbaro, F., & Khamis, M. (2012). Community stakeholders’ knowledge in landscape assessments–Mapping indicators for landscape services. Ecological Indicators, 18, 421-433. doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.12.004
Fagerholm, N., & Käyhkö, N. (2009). Participatory mapping and geographical patterns of the social landscape values of rural communities in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Fennia-International Journal of Geography, 187(1), 43-60. fennia.journal.fi/article/view/3703