As part of AATU-project, safe urban environment, a subproject focused on perceived safety of a retrofit neighbourhood in Espoo, Finland and studied the potential of urban infill project to change the track of development of existing, distressed neighborhood. Using PPGIS, this study offers insights on how to avoid too simplistic or deterministic thinking in safety planning. The study concluded that more comprehensive safety strategies are most likely to succeed in breaking the negative development of fear and a spiral of neighborhood decay especially in retroﬁt neighborhoods.
Keränen, J., Vaattovaara, M., Kortteinen, M., Ratvio, R., Koski, H. & Rantala, T. (Eds.) (2013). Turvalliset kaupunkiympäristöt: Rakenteelliset taustat, asukkaiden kokemukset ja arjen turvallisuusratkaisut. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Technology 88. www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/technology/2013/T88.pdf
Kyttä, M., Kuoppa, J., Hirvonen, J., Ahmadi, E. & Tzoulas, T. (2014). Perceived safety of the retrofit neighborhood: a location-based approach. Urban Design International 19(4), 311-328. doi.org/10.1057/udi.2013.31