ENERGYSCAPE – Recommendations for Landscape Development through Renewable Energy Infrastructures in Switzerland

Project description

Social preferences for landscape development with a combination of different infrastructures of renewable energies were systematically investigated in an online panel survey representative for the Swiss population and a 3D virtual laboratory experiment. The recommendations derived from the results can help to better integrate the landscape assessment of renewable energy infrastructures from the population’s point of view into landscape development strategies and concepts. In this way, they contribute to promoting a socially accepted landscape development. Further information:

Research themes

Justice and sustainability

Integrated landscape management

Project details

  • Start date:
    April 1, 2017
  • End date:
    December 31, 2019
  • Location:
  • Funded by:
    Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF, NRP 70; Federal Office for the Environment FOEN; Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE; Elektrizitaetswerke des Kantons Zuerich EKZ; Swissgrid; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL; Sophie and Karl Binding Stiftung
  • Objectives:
    Investigating the population’s point of view regarding the assessment of landscape developments through renewable energy infrastructure using 3D point cloud-based audio-visual landscape simulations in virtual reality experiments and an online panel study

Project contact

Ulrike Wissen Hayek

ETH Zurich, Institute for Spatial and Landscape Development, Planning of Landscape and Urban Systems (PLUS)

Team members

  • Adrienne Grêt-Regamey
  • Ulrike Wissen Hayek
  • Reto Spielhofer
  • Laura Endres
  • Tobias Luthe

Participating partners

Tyler Thrash; Victor Schinazi

ETH Zurich, Chair of Cognitive Science

Felix Kienast, Marcel Hunziker, Boris Salak

Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL

Urs Steiger

Steiger Texte Konzepte Beratung

Related publications

Spielhofer, R., Hunziker, M., Kienast, F., Wissen Hayek, U., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2021). Does rated visual landscape quality match visual features? An analysis for renewable energy landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 209, 104000.

Spielhofer, R., Thrash, T., Wissen Hayek, U., Grêt-Regamey, A., Salak, B., Grübel, J., Schinazi, V.R. (2021). Physiological and behavioral reaction to renewable energy systems in various landscape types. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 135, 110410.

Salak, B., Kienast, F., Olschewski, R., Spielhofer, R., Wissen Hayek, U., Grêt-Regamey, A., Hunziker, M. (2019). steuerBAR? Wo wollen wir «Energielandschaften» und wo nicht? In A. Björnsen Gurung (Ed.), WSL Berichte: Vol. 84 «Schweiz erneuerbar!», 15-22.

Wissen Hayek, U., Müller, K., Göbel, F., Kiefer, P., Spielhofer, R., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2019). 3D Point Clouds and Eye Tracking for Investigating the Perception and Acceptance of Power Lines in Different Landscapes. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 3(2), 40;

Wissen Hayek, U., Spielhofer, R., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2019). Preparing 3D Point Clouds as Stimuli for Landscape Preference Studies: Lessons Learned. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 4-2019. Herbert Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH Berlin, Offenbach, 250 – 257,

Wissen Hayek, U., Endres, L, Spielhofer, R., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2018). Sound ambiences consistent with visualizations of landscape types – An evaluation. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture 3, 172-180. doi:

Wissen Hayek, U., Spielhofer, R., Salak, B., Luthe, T., Steiger, U., Hunziker, M., Kienast, F., Thrash, T., Schiazi, V., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2019). Empfehlungen für eine Landschaftsentwicklung durch Anlagen erneuerbarer Energien in der Schweiz – Räumliche Potenziale, Konflikte, Präferenzen und Empfehlungen für die Praxis. NFP 70-Projekt «ENERGYSCAPE». Broschüre für das Bundesamt für Energie.

Wissen Hayek, U., Spielhofer, R., Salak, B., Hunziker, M., Kienast, F., Thrash, T., Schinazi, V., Luthe, T., Steiger, U., Grêt-Regamey, A. (2019). ENERGYSCAPE – Recommendations for a Landscape Strategy for Renewable Energy Systems. Swiss National Research Programme NRP 70 «Energy Turnaround», Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Final Report.

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